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Cost-minimizing Choice Behavior In Transportation Planning
Series Editors Manfred M. Fischer Geoffrey J.D. Hewings Peter Nijkamp Folke Snickars
This series contains scientific studies focusing on spatial phenomena, utilising theoretical frameworks, analytical methods, and empirical procedures specifically designed for spatial analysis. Advances in Spatial Science brings together innovative spatial research ulilising concepts, perspectives, and methods relevant to both basic science and policy making. The aim is to present advances in spatial science to an informed readership in universities, research organisations, and policy-making institutions throughout the world.
The type of material considered for publication in the series includes: Monographs of theoretical and applied research in spatial science; state-of-the-art volumes in areas of basic research; reports of innovative theories and methods in spatial science; tightly edited reports from specially organised research seminars.
Sven Erlander Cost-Minimizing Choice Behavior in Transportation Planning
This book stems from a desire to understand the underlying assumptions and structure of the choice probability models most often used in Transportation Science. The book investigates how far a new way of defining cost minimizing behavior can take us. All commonly used choice probability distributions of the logit type - log linear probability functions - follow from cost minimizing behavior defined in the new way; sorne new nested models also appear. The new approach provides a deeper understanding of what is at work in the models. The new way of defining cost minimizing behavior is as follows: cost minimizing behavior pertains if the likelihood (probability) of any independent sample of observations is a decreasing function of the average cost of the sample. Extreme value distributed random variables are not used in the derivation of models. A measure of freedom of choice related to the Shannon measure of how much "choice" is involved is used to obtain a welfare measure which is equal to composite cost.
Transportation And Traffic Theory 2009
th It is our great privilege and honor to present the proceedings of the 18 International Symposium on Transportation and Traffic Theory (ISTTT), held at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong, China on 16-18 July 2009. th The 18 ISTTT is jointly organized by the Hong Kong Society for Transportation Studies and Department of Civil and Structural Engineering of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. The ISTTT series is the main gathering for the world's transportation and traffic theorists, and those who are interested in contributing to or gaining a deep understanding of traffic and transportation phenomena in order to better plan, design and manage the transportation system. Although it embraces a wide range of topics, from traffic flow theories and demand modeling to road safety and logistics and supply chain modeling, the ISTTT is hallmarked by its intellectual innovation, research and development excellence in the treatment of real-world transportation and traffic problems. The ISTTT prides itself in the extremely high quality of its proceedings.
Previous ISTTT conferences were held in Warren, Michigan (1959), London (1963), New York (1965), Karlsruhe (1968), Berkeley, California (1971), Sydney (1974), Kyoto (1977), Toronto (1981), Delft (1984), Cambridge, Massachusetts (1987), Yokohama (1990), Berkeley, California (1993), Lyon (1996), Jerusalem (1999), Adelaide (2002), College Park, Maryland (2005), and London (2007). th th This 18 ISTTT celebrates the 50 Anniversary of this premier conference series.
A Math Journey Through Extreme Sports
Fun pictograms and infographics about extreme sports make learning about math topics such as ratios, area, percentages, averages, and angles easy and fun. In this book, readers are presented with scenarios in a number of extreme sports and use their mathematical skills while skyrunning, BASE jumping, ziplining, ice climbing, and racing motocross. Math puzzles and exercises help children build confidence in their math skills.
The Extreme Centre
Britain's leading radical delivers an eviscerating attack on the indistinguishable political elite of the UK.
Britain is a nation without an opposition. Westminster is in the grip of an extreme centre: yes to austerity, yes to imperial wars, yes to a failing EU, yes to increased security measures, and yes to the status quo. Euro-immigration is becoming an English obsession, even though it was this country that carried out Washington's orders to expand the EU so that it lost any chance of social or political coherence. What is to be done?
About the Author
TARIQ ALI is a writer and filmmaker. He has written more than a dozen books on world history and politics-including Pirates of the Caribbean, Bush in Babylon, The Clash of Fundamentalisms and The Obama Syndrome-as well as five novels in his Islam Quintet series and scripts for the stage and screen. He is an editor of the New Left Review and lives in London.
Why You Need A Passport When You're Going To Puke
"Discover where a three-headed turtle was discovered in 1999, where the first toothbrush was invented, which country has summer as the only season and where you can buy square watermelons! Guaranteed to have young readers hooked for hours."
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